AIPL: USDA dairy evaluation history
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History of dairy evaluations at USDA

Evaluations || Computing sites || Laboratory names

Genetic evaluations calculated by USDA

Year Evaluation changed No./
year
Release months Traits included
1936 Bull (new) 1 Summer (exact month varied) Milk, fat
1940 Bull 12 Each month (bulls with many additional daughters since last evaluation re-evaluated) Milk, fat
1960 Bull 4 February, May, August, November Milk, fat
1964 Cow 2 January, July Milk, fat
1967 Bull/cow 3 January, May, September Milk, fat
1977 Bull 3 January, May, September Milk, fat, protein
1978 Bull/cow 2
January, July Milk, fat, protein (bulls only), type1
1985 Cow 2 January, July Milk, fat, protein, type1
1994 Bull 2 January, July Milk, fat, protein, somatic cell score (SCS), productive life (PL), type1
1995 Cow 2 January, July Milk, fat, protein, SCS, PL, type1
1997 Bull/cow 4 February, May, August, November Milk, fat, protein, SCS, PL, type1
2002 Bull 4 February, May, August, November Milk, fat, protein, SCS, PL, calving ease (CE), type1
2003 Bull/cow 4 February, May, August, November Milk, fat, protein, SCS, PL, CE (bulls only), daughter pregnancy rate (DPR), type1
2006 Bull 4 February, May, August, November Milk, fat, protein, SCS, PL, CE (bulls only), stillbirth (SB), DPR, type1
2008 Bull/cow 3 January, April, August Milk, fat, protein, SCS, PL, CE (bulls only), SB (bulls only), DPR, type1
2010 Bull/cow 3 April, August, December Milk, fat, protein, SCS, PL, CE (bulls only), SB (bulls only), DPR, cow conception rate (CCR), heifer conception rate (HCR), type1
1USDA calculates type evaluations for breeds other than Holstein; Holstein type evaluations calculated by Holstein Association USA.

Compiled by Paul VanRaden



Computing sites used for genetic evaluations

Year Owner Location Computer
1959 Commodity Credit branch, USDA New Orleans, LA IBM 705
1965 Navy Bureau of Personnel Arlington, VA  
1968 Computer Center, Statistical Reporting Service, USDA Washington, DC  
1970 Sears and Roebuck, Inc. Rockville, MD IBM 360
1973 National Agricultural Library, USDA Beltsville, MD IBM 360
1975 Washington Computer Center, USDA Washington, DC IBM 370
1987 USDA Computing Center Kansas City, MO IBM 370
1985 Cornell University
Database maintained at USDA Computing Center
Ithaca, NY
Kansas City, MO
IBM 3090
IBM 370
1990 Cornell University
Database maintained at Animal Improvement Programs Laboratory (AIPL), USDA
Ithaca, NY
Beltsville, MD
IBM 3090
IBM 9370
1993 AIPL (evaluation processing and database) Beltsville, MD IBM RS6000 P series
2002 AIPL (evaluation processing and database) Beltsville, MD IBM X series servers

Compiled by Paul VanRaden



USDA dairy evaluation laboratory names

Year Laboratory name Institute/Bureau Name
1908 Dairy Division Bureau of Animal Industry
1926 Dairy Introduction Section Bureau of Dairy Industry
1929 Dairy Herd Improvement Investigations Bureau of Dairy Industry
1954 Dairy Herd Improvement Section Dairy Cattle Research Branch
1968 Dairy Herd Improvement Investigations Unit Animal Science Research Institute
1972 Animal Improvement Programs Laboratory (AIPL) Animal Physiology and Genetics Institute
1979 AIPL Animal Science Institute
1986 AIPL Livestock and Poultry Science Institute
2000 AIPL Animal and Natural Resources Institute
2012 AIPL Beltsville Agricultural Research Center

Compiled by Paul VanRaden


Last Modified: 04/03/2014